Letterpress was used in everyday printing technique for 5th centuries, until offset lithography took over.
The inks applied to the surface of metal type, which has a raid surface with a reverse image, like a rubber stamp and the type is pressed against paper to make an impression.
The final outcome, finished article would have a tactile quality, with a thick layer of ink and a slight indention where the type pressed against the paper. Images would use the same process to produce in a similar way, using blocks of wood, metal, lino or nylon.
I find letterpress printing extremely time consuming and labor intensive and in age of lithography and digital printing it might seem like wasted effort. It isn’t an alternative to modern, commercial printing techniques but it retains its place as craft ideally suited to producing beautiful unique things in small qualities.
To want a good quality outcome when using letterpress, the person would required a incredible amount of skills needs to be put in. When letterpress was the main player in commercial printing, there were specialists who lined up the type (compositors) and there were the machine room staff who operated the presses. An apprenticeship took six years.
These days letterpress is usually done by one person working alone and they will have had to learn all the disciplines involved.
Typography is the art and technique of arranging type, type design and modifying type glyphs. The type glyphs are created and modified using a variety of illustration techniques. The arrangement of type involves the selection if typefaces, point size, line length, leading, adjusting the spaces between groups of letter and adjusting the space between pairs of letters. Typography is performed by typesetters, compositors, typographers, graphic designer, art director, comic book artists and graffiti artists. Until the digital age, typography was a specialised occupation. Digitisation opened up typography to new generations of visual designers and lay users.
Sarah Boris is a graphic designer, art director and artist based in London. She came into one of our lecture and talked about what she does, her professionals and insites to the design industry. In her introduction she talked about how she got the job in the industry, which I find inspiring and useful because not only she’s telling us about how she got her first job to this industry, she;s also giving us lots of useful tips. She advised us to get familiar with brands that we would like to work with, do lots of reach about the identity of the brand, and also to base the application on their design materials. Throughout her journey she has now became a well known graphic designer in the industry. She has worked since 2005 for organisations which include Phaidon Press, The Photography’s Gallery, ICA (Institute of contemporary Arts), Barbican Centre, Tate, The Architecture Foundation, South London Gallery, Gasworks, Hotshoe International, Max Wigram Gallery, Fedrigoni and the Royal Philharmonic Society amangst others. Yes, she’s very impressive. She also showed us some of her own personal work that she does for fun, exploring with different materials and collecting materials that is meaningful and treasurable.
Boris also discussed about creating our own spaces, finding ways to build good energy around. Energy is important to have especially in a working atmosphere. In her experiences she discussed the isolation she felt when she was working for a particular company, so her advice to us was to ensure that the space we’re working with is inspiring. She also encouraged us to promote ourselves, showing others what inspires us, show our best work and compile them in good digital portfolio (PDF).
Links to Boris’s website: http://sarahboris.com
Hi everyone, I know that I’ve been a bit m.i.a with my blog post this is because recently I have been feeling uninspired. I know London is probably one of THE MOST inspiring cities in the world but lately I just feel different about it. However, after I had some discussions about blogging with my friends and teachers at Uni and looking at everyone’s work, (blog) what they have posted I felt a sudden urge to get into my own grove and start blogging again. Like what NIKE says “JUST DO IT”.
Where to begin…
The last blog post I did was about book bindings and what I did a week after that was I had an introduction to Photography. We had a brief discussions about what we will be experiencing in workshop and I couldn’t help but smile because I did photography for 2 years whilst I was in sixth forms and I fully enjoyed it so I couldn’t help but wanting to get stuck in. The second day we had Photography lessons we had to get into groups of people and with one camera each group we had to go around the room taking images but also experimenting with the different setting and tools that’s available on the camera.
I had a chance to take some pictures and explored with different techniques and settings to create best possible images. Below this are some of the pictures that I have taken.
Excuse my awkward smile…Anyways, I remember the day we had to do this activity, the sun looked incredible, creating perfect natural lighting and I just couldn’t help but took some of behind the scenes pictures. My favourite image was the one of my friend Katie (top left), I don’t want to sound pretentious but I really do love the way the sunshine hits the back of her, creating lovely shadows of her silhouette. Overall I definitely enjoy doing photography because it was one of my favourite subjects in school and now that I get experience this again at uni is definitely something I’m really looking forward to continue.